The Taliban were primarily Pashtun Islamic fundamentalist groups that ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 when the US-led operation overthrew the government and covered al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden. The Taliban reorganized on the Pakistani border and revolted against the US-backed government in Kabul for more than 19 years. In 2020, the Taliban signed a peace agreement with the United States and began power-sharing talks with the Afghan government.
However, the Taliban continue to carry out attacks with governments, targeting petty civilians and controlling large areas in Afghanistan. Negotiations inside Afghanistan have stalled on a large scale, raising the question of whether US troops will remain in Afghanistan. Analysts warn that violence could escalate in 2021 and disrupt the peace process, increasing the likelihood of civil war, casualties, and terrorist groups.
According to many experts, the Taliban is a powerful force that threatens Afghanistan’s democratic institutions, civil rights, and security in the region. The group, comprising the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the strongest security alliance in the world, and more than 6,000 US troops and contractors [PDF], has taken action against three US governments and more than 1,100 NATO casualties. Waiting for Member’s soldiers. About 46,000 civilians have been killed since 2007 and about 73,000 Afghan soldiers and police have been killed.
Despite thousands of Taliban victims, the group is stronger than at any time in the last 19 years. Fifty to fifty thousand fighters are permanently employed. According to the US Long War Journal of Defense for Democracy, which reported on the US struggle in other countries, by early 2021, the Taliban had gained control of about 19 percent of the region, while the government-controlled 33 percent. The percentage was controlled. -Keda and others. Militant groups since 2007. Both groups have challenged the rest of the country.
The group was formed in the early 1990s by Afghan mujahideen or Islamist guerrillas who opposed the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1979-89) with the covert support of the CIA and its Pakistani counterpart, the ISI. Of was ). They are among the young Pashtuns studying in Pakistani mattresses or religious schools. Taliban for students. Pashtuns are the dominant ethnic group in Afghanistan and much of the south and east. It is an important ethnic group in North and West Pakistan.
The movement gained popular support in the early post-Soviet period and promised stability and the rule of law after four years of conflict between rival Mujahideen factions (1992-1996). In November 1994, the Taliban attacked Kandahar to ensure that a southern city was ravaged by crime, and in September 1996, they captured the capital, Kabul, President Burhanuddin Rabban, whom they considered anti-Tajik and corrupt. That same year, the Taliban declared Afghanistan an Islamic Emirate, headed by Mullah Mohammad Omar, a priest, and veteran of the Soviet Union’s opposition to Amir al-Muminin or “Command of the Believers.” Before the fall of the government in 2001, it ruled over 90 percent of the country.
The Taliban enacted strict legislation and consolidated control of the area. Taliban jurisprudence is based on pre-Islamic tribal and sharia interpretations of past tribes, which are linked to the strict Wahhabi beliefs of Saudi charities. The administration has neglected social services and other important government duties, while the Ministry of Welfare and Prohibition of Pornography has banned the Taliban from pursuing Islamist practices. Women had to wear veils from head to toe. Music and television are banned. And male prisoners whose beards were considered too short.
The Taliban still has close ties to al-Qaeda, the UN Taliban Observer Group said in its 2020 report. The Taliban protect al-Qaeda in exchange for resources and education. Al-Qaeda is believed to have 2500 fighters in Afghanistan, and many of its leaders were killed in the country in 2020.