Who controls the Taliban and What is the state of the Taliban’s finances and international support?

According to a United Nations report, the Taliban’s main source of income is opium and drug cultivation, and in 2018, they brought in 400 million in drug trafficking. In addition, it imposes taxes on commercial activities on its territory, such as agriculture and mining. Despite stringent UN sanctions, it increased its revenue through illegal mining, blackmailing local businesses, and donations from abroad. According to many experts, Pakistan’s security services continue to protect Taliban fighters in the country’s tribal areas to counter India’s influence in Afghanistan.

Members of a Taliban delegation, led by chief negotiator Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar (C, front), leave after peace talks with Afghan senior politicians in Moscow, Russia May 30, 2019. REUTERS/Evgenia Novozhenina – RC17FC2683A0

Islamabad has denied the allegations. (At the same time, Pakistan fought its own insurgent group, the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, which is different from the Afghan group and is commonly called the Pakistani Taliban. Many years after its fall, the Taliban gained support. Found in 2009, American. The non-profit Asia Foundation says half Afghans – mostly animals and rural Afghans – sympathize with armed opposition groups, particularly the Taliban). Part of Afghanistan’s support for the Taliban and its affiliates has come as a result of complaints against government agencies.

But in response to the same vote in 2019, it was found that only 13.4% of Afghans took pity on the Taliban. When Afghanistan’s internal peace talks began in 2020, 54% of Afghans thought they could achieve peace in Afghanistan in the next two years. Analysts believe the Taliban leadership, which is mostly outside the country, controls most of the militants and officials in Afghanistan. However, according to the UN Observer Group, the Taliban have said that internal tensions have intensified, especially with the United States over the peace and negotiation process.

According to the Pakistani city, the administration is called the Rahbari Shura, better known as the Quetta Shura, where Omar and his senior staff are said to have survived the US invasion. According to a UN observer, the council has decided on “all political and military matters of the UAE”. It is currently headed by Maulvi Habibullah Akhundzada. (Omar died in 2013, replaced by Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Mansoor, who was killed in the 2016 US-led invasion of Pakistan 2016). Of Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the founder of the Taliban, and Sirajuddin Haqqani, who is also the head of the Haqqani Network, a militant group closely linked to the Taliban, al-Qaeda, and Pakistan’s intelligence services in southeastern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan. 

The governing board oversees several committees, such as the ministers who served before the overthrow of the Taliban and before the governing board where the Taliban led a shady government. Committees focus, for example, on finance, education, health, and social services. The Military Commission will appoint shadow governors and warlords for each of Afghanistan’s 24 provinces. The Brotherhood-led political committee is in talks with the United States in Doha, Qatar.

The Taliban’s Hierarchy:

The infographics show five levels of the Taliban’s organizational level: leaders, deputies, government, committees, and governing boards, as well as shadow governors and warlords.


Maulvi Haibatullah Akhundzada is currently the Amir or “loyal commander” of the believers.


Habibullah was supported by three deputies: Mullah Muhammad Yaqub led the ideological and religious affairs, Sirajuddin Haqqani led the uprising, and Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar led the Taliban delegation to the peace delegation.

3-Leadership Council:

It is a group of senior leaders who serve as the Taliban’s central cabinet, make political decisions, and form management committees.

4-Committees and Governing Bodies:

There are more than a dozen committees, including the Military Committee, the Political Committee, and the Governing Body.

5-Ghost governors and battlefield commanders:

Every province in Afghanistan has a shadow governor and a battlefield commander. Both were appointed by the Military Commission.

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