According to the latest update on the poverty situation in Afghanistan, 36% of Afghans are poor, according to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s Ministry of Economy and Global Risk Assessment and Weakness (NRVA). In 2007. In 08 and 2012, more than three Afghans did not have enough money to buy food or meet their basic needs. This is despite annual GDP growth of 6.9% over the same period.
By studying the root causes of poverty in Afghanistan and presenting a roadmap for poverty reduction, the report also shows that Afghanistan’s growth pattern is widening the gap between rich and poor. For the poorest 20% of the population, per capita, actual consumption has declined. The population has increased by 2% while the richest 20% has increased by 9%. Growing inequality is also reflected in the Guyana Index, which fell from 29.7 percent in 2007-2008 to 31.6 percent in 2011-12.
Poverty in Afghanistan is concentrated in rural areas. Four out of five poor people live in the provinces. The eastern, northeastern and midwestern regions, where half the population is poor, have the lowest per capita consumption. The highest risk of living and poverty. Lack of access to education, employment, and basic services exacerbates poverty in Afghanistan. 75.6% of the poor are illiterate. The poor have unemployment (8%) and unemployment (41%) and are more likely to work in agriculture (43.6%) or in the informal sector (84.3%). The poor also do not have access to electricity (.8.63.8%), clean water (.340..3%), and sanitation (2.8%).
Weapons are weak but less resistant to natural and man-made shocks. ٪ 2011% of Afghan households experienced at least one economic shock in 201-201-201222, and 53% experienced at least three shocks. International spending has helped boost the economy, but not all industries or the poor have benefited in the same way. International spending has created jobs in the public sector, health and education, and benefited most of the conflict areas. It has not increased productivity in the agricultural sector, where most of Afghanistan’s poor work.
Public investment in cooperation with international aid has contributed to better human development outcomes. Youth skills increased by 8%, the number of primary school students increased by 6%, and access to electricity, sanitation, and clean water increased by about 14%. Poverty reduction Afghanistan must focus on strengthening agriculture. Investment in human development, risk management, and minimal risks that increase the risk to the poor