Pakistan’s economy is fluctuating on a daily basis and the country’s development is slow. There are many causes of poverty in Pakistan that hinder economic growth and development and prevent poverty alleviation. Pakistan has the fastest population growth in the world, at 1.86%. By 2050, the country’s population will exceed 350 million. According to Multan’s Commissioner, the main reason for the high division is the lack of family planning in Pakistan. As a result, large populations have caused unemployment, poverty, and illegality. The annual number of abortions in Pakistan is 50/100 women, and almost half of all pregnancies are unplanned, and more than half end in abortion.
In Pakistan, maternal mortality (178 / 100,000 live births) and infant mortality (66 / 1,000 live births) are among the highest in the world. These numbers show that Pakistani women are benefiting greatly from improved healthcare and increasing opportunities for education and employment. Almost half of Pakistan’s population is illiterate and 7.26 million children are out of school due to poverty. According to a report by the Institute of Social and Political Science, “Pakistan has the highest number of out-of-school children after Nigeria, while Pakistan consumes the smallest GDP from the southern parts of all countries. in Asia for education.
Child labor is a serious problem in Pakistan as many children do not attend school and live in poverty. The Pakistan Human Rights Commission reduced it from 2005 to 2010-11. Pakistan has 10 to 12 million child laborers. According to the Pakistan Labor Force Survey, the number has nearly doubled to nearly 21 million child workers. Without education, young people cannot acquire the skills they need to function. Current systems do not meet the requirements of employers, which is detrimental to economic growth and social development. Without a good education, people are unemployed and cannot escape poverty.
The tax system in Pakistan shows unfavorable evidence of government corruption. The system does not differentiate between different income levels but focuses on the poor. In fact, 80% of the poor’s tax revenue comes from services, including equipment, fuel, and cell phones. At the same time, taxes on the wealthy do not exceed five percent.
Lunch Pasha, a professor of public policy, told Asia Times: “Pakistan has a completely broken system where the burden is on the poor and big companies don’t pay taxes.” With the lack of income and jobs, the poor cannot afford to pay high taxes to the government, which undermines their hopes of eradicating poverty in Pakistan. Four out of ten Pakistanis do not have basic supplies such as food, shelter, education, and health. The poor in Pakistan need enough resources to escape poverty. Only by improving health and education services for the poor and fair taxes can Pakistan’s economic mobility and prosperity be increased.